In the previous post, we have responded to some of the Watchtower’s arguments against the personhood and divinity of the Holy Spirit (see here for part 1 and part 2) and in part 3 we established from the bible that He is clearly a person.
Finally, we will look at just some of the biblical evidence that shows that the Holy Spirit is fully God.
The deity of the Spirit is not as clearly evidenced as His personality, although we do see it in the scriptures once we begin to look.
In Job 33, we read “The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.” – So the Spirit was active in creation, which we know was carried out by God. We have clearly shown above that the Holy Spirit is a separate person, and now see how He created Job…. this seems quite clear evidence, although when I have used this verse before I have been met with the objection that it also talks about ‘the breath of the Almighty’, and nobody would argue God’s breath is a separate entity, so why should we think that the Spirit is? Although I don’t agree with this objection, I can see how it would create a stumbling block, and I think that when things like this come up it is good to at least acknowledge them. However, this is far from the only evidence we have, and so it can be used as part of a wider body of evidence.
One of the most striking proofs though is when we see an Old Testament reference to God doing something, which the New Testament then attributes to the Holy Spirit. One example of this is in Isaiah 6:8-10, where the prophet relates his encounter with God and his call to service. God said to Isaiah –
“Go and tell this people: Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.”
However, when we turn to Acts 28:25-27,
They disagreed among themselves and began to leave after Paul had made this final statement: “The Holy Spirit spoke the truth to your ancestors when he said through Isaiah the prophet:
Go and tell this people: Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.’ Make the heart of this people calloused; make their ears dull and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.”
So, in the New Testament, we see something attributed to the Holy Spirit that was quite clearly said by God in the Old Testament.
But perhaps the most powerful evidence is found In Acts 5:1-4. Ananais and Sapphira, in an attempt to elevate themselves and get praise from the church, decided to sell some land and then lie about how much they had made and donate a part of the proceeds for the work of the church. When they presented this to Peter, his response was
“Ananais, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit? …… you have not lied to man but to God”
To assert that Peter is discussing two completely different things here (God, and some impersonal force) makes no sense at all. They lied to the Holy Spirit, and that was lying to God. In this passage, the Holy Spirit is directly and unequivocally called God by an apostle….. so if someone ever demands “Tell me one place where the bible says that the Holy Spirit is God”, you can do just that!
Finally consider 2 Corinthians 13:14 –
May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all
The grace of Jesus, who is clearly a person…. the love of God, who is clearly a person….. so why think that the fellowship of the Holy Spirit comes from some sort of ‘active force’ and not a person?
As you can see, once you search for it the evidence for the personality and deity of the Holy Spirit is something that runs right through the bible, and there are many more than I have shared here. This is not something that needs to be desperately propped up by a dubious interpretation of a few obscure references, but is rather strongly supported by the full word of God.
I hope you will be encouraged to look for more evidence of this yourself, and to share this with any witnesses you encounter in an effort to bring them to the truth of out Lord.